Founder, leg swelling, founder, and thrush in horses

Foundered Pony

Foundered pony

  desert thrush with deep heel cracks in horse hoofDesert thrush with yeast infection
    in deep heel cracks in dry hoof


Copper sulfate powder
Garden centers - $10
Copper deficiency in dark-coated horses (which is evidenced by sun-bleached, dry coat look)
Thrush fungus in hooves
General hoof health
Hoof treatment mixtures
Powder added to feed supplements - 1/4 to 1 tsp.
*Overly high amounts fed orally can be hazardous. You may wish to confirm dose with your vet.
Brewer's yeast
* Do NOT use normal baking yeast!
Amazon - $15
Insulin resistance and Cushing's: Chromium, Vitamin B and other nutrients
Mix into feed supplements - 1/2 tsp to 1 TB/day. Taste is bitter.
DMSO gel
Feed stores - $15
Inflammation and pain
Dilute with water if desired, and mix in any desired additions. Clean affected area and apply. DMSO will absorb everything present on the surface into the body deeply and rapidly. You may wish to wear gloves when applying. Do not use continuously more than 2 weeks at a time.
Safflower or Sunflower Oil
Grocery stores - $5
Insulin resistance, Cushing's, general health, low weight: Omega 3 and Omega 6, Vitamin E
Mix into feed supplements - 1 TB to 1/2 c/day
Zinc powder  
Bulk retailers?
Balancing copper supplements Mix into feed supplements - 350+ mg/day
Note: Some horses are very resistant to the taste of some zinc supplements.
(Note: AniMed Remission Supplement is less palatable to some horses, which may be due to the type of zinc used?)
Probiotics Feed stores - $25
Stress, colic, founder

Fresh ground or stabilized flaxseed
Bulk section of grocery stores - $1/lb
Insulin resistance
3 oz. or 1/8 to 3/4 cup/day.
Gives many significant benefits.
 Any mineral supplements should preferably be in loose (powder-like) form to be given plain or mixed into other feed, rather than in a mineral block.      Block mineral supplements contain a lot of salt, and it is better to provide salt separately, so that balancing of amounts can be better controlled.
If you do use a mineral block, avoid any that includes a significant amount of iron. Some horses with insulin resistance have excessive iron.
Iodized Salt Lick Block, or loose Iodized Salt
Feed stores - $8
Insulin resistance 1-2 oz (approx 2 TB)
Beet Pulp Pellets, or Beet Pulp Shreds
*Be sure they are unsweetened and don't contain Molasses
Feed stores - $15 for 40 lbs
Insulin resistance: nutrients, low-starch feed and supplement base, fiber
2 cups pellets/day or greater amounts.
To reduce iron and sugars, rinse pellets with water, then soak 1 hour, then rinse thoroughly until water runs clear.
*Most horses like beet pulp, but when first introducing a horse to beet pulp, you may want to feed only small amounts at a time and mix it with another food the horse already likes to help it become accustomed to the taste.
Magnesium Oxide
Feed stores - $25 for 50 lbs
Insulin resistance: blood sugar stabilizer.
Stomach ulcers, colic, diarrhea (when fed in small amounts), cribbing, excessive stress.
1.5 g (=1/2 tsp) per 500 lbs bodyweight
Vitamin E
Grocery stores - sunflower seed oil, sunflower seeds, safflower oil, Vitamin E capsules (The types sold for people will work), etc.
Optimizes effectiveness of magnesium
1,000 IU per 500 lbs bodyweight

Some horses with insulin resistance have excessive iron, so should avoid mineral block licks with high iron as well as hays with high nitrates (such as hay fertilized with manure). However, some IR horses are deficient in iron. Appropriate blood tests can help measure levels.
Organic sulfur supplements such as MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane);
Methionine (often found in hoof supplements) and Cystine (two amino acids that contain sulfur)

1-2 Tablespoons/day
Seaweed (Kelp, etc.)

 Rice bran or rice bran oil
     Needs to be nutritionally balanced with the rest of the diet since it contains more Omega 6 than Omega 3
FRESHLY GROUND flaxseed or linseed -- NOT meal because it has most of its oil removed; and not oil because the oil goes rancid quickly
  Combats insulin resistance, boosts immunity, lowers inflammation, strengthens hooves.
Contains omega 3, lysine, methionine (an amino acid that contains sulfur), magnesium, prebiotic soluble fiber, protein, and 2 essential fatty acids: linoleic acid & alpha-linolenic acid.
1/4 cup/day.
Should not be fed whole, because it isn't digested nearly as well unless ground. However, its quality begins degrading rapidly after grinding. Therefore, you need to grind a fresh batch regularly (A coffee or spice grinder can work.) and store in cool, dry, dark place (Freezer or frig is ideal) to maintain its nutrition & prevent harmful rancidity. Another option is to buy commercially stabilized ground flaxseed.
Does NOT need to be cooked.
Activated Charcoal
Online retailers: $25 tube of paste, $20 powder.
If given soon after excessive intake of grain or other high-carb, dangerous or poisonous foods, it may greatly help prevent or reduce laminitis/founder, colic and diarrhea.
Often given as a orally as a paste (similar to dewormer).
It absorbs substances the horse has in its stomach that the horse has eaten recently, and helps them be passed out of its system without being absorbed by the body.  


Chlorine dioxide in "activated" state
$26 for 1 gal. Oxine AH liquid + $14 for 1 lb. citric acid crystals - Makes 40 gallons (at concentration of 500 ppm). - $40

$22 for 8 oz. White Lightning Grand Circuit Hoof Liquid (You need to also purchase 8 oz. white vinegar separately.) - Makes 1 treatment each for 4 hooves (approx 1/2 gallon at ??? ppm)
Thrush, white line disease, skin fungus. Also treats wounds if diluted more.
Kills very broad range of fungi, bacteria, viruses, yeasts, molds.
Use only non-transparent containers. (You can spray paint bottle, if needed.) Minimize exposure to light and heat, and keep lid on container.
Stand horse in location out of sun for maximum product effectiveness. Pour liquid into hoof soak bags for deep penetration, and secure tops of bags closed to help contain gas. Leave on 40-60 mins.
The following instructions ONLY apply to Oxine (Follow instructions on labels of other products):
Instructions for activation: Sprinkle 1/2 tsp powdered Citric Acid into 5 tsp Oxine AH liquid. Allow to dissolve 5-10 minutes to allow chemical activation. Then add 4 cups water. Activated solution maintains potency about 1 week.

See Oxine Calculator for additional details.
Neem Oil  
Garden centers - $8 Desert thrush yeasts in hooves  Mix into hoof treatment mixtures and brush into grooves and onto sole of hoof   
Copper sulfate powder Garden centers - $10 Copper deficiency in dark-coated horses (which is evidenced by sun-bleached, dry coat look)
Thrush fungus in hooves
General hoof health
Hoof treatment mixtures
Powder added to feed supplements - 1/4 to 1 tsp.
*Overly high amounts fed orally can be hazardous. You may wish to confirm dose with your vet.


Some treatments for leg inflammation in horses

Epsom salt poultices

Sweat wraps


Arnica (herb)