Leg swelling, founder, and thrush in horses

Foundered Pony
Foundered pony

  desert thrush with deep heel cracks in horse hoofDesert thrush with yeast infection
in deep heel cracks in dry hoof


Some treatments for leg inflammation in horses

Epsom salt poultices

Sweat wraps


Arnica (herb)


Neem Oil   
 Garden centers - $8
 Desert thrush yeasts in hooves  Mix into hoof treatment mixtures and brush into grooves and onto sole of hoof    
Copper sulfate powder
Garden centers - $10
Thrush fungi in hooves
General hoof health
Copper deficiency in dark-coated horses, and laminitis
Hoof treatment mixtures
Powder added to feed supplements - 1/4 to 1 tsp. * Can be hazardous. Confirm dose with your vet.
Brewer's yeast
* Do NOT use normal baking yeast!
Amazon - $15
Insulin resistance and Cushing's: Chromium, Vitamin B and other nutrients
Mix into feed supplements - 1/2 tsp to 1 TB/day. Taste is bitter.
DMSO gel
Feed stores - $15
Inflammation and pain
Dilute with water if desired, and mix in any desired additions. Clean affected area and apply. DMSO will absorb everything present on the surface into the body deeply and rapidly. You may wish to wear gloves when applying. Do not use continuously more than 2 weeks at a time.
Safflower or Sunflower Oil
Grocery stores - $5
Insulin resistance, Cushing's, general health, low weight: Omega 3 and Omega 6
Mix into feed supplements - 1 TB to 1/2 c/day
Zinc powder  
Bulk retailers?
Balancing copper supplements Mix into feed supplements - 350+ mg/day
Probiotics Feed stores - $25
Stress, colic, founder

Oxine AH
Amazon - $35/gal
Very broad range of yeasts, fungi, bacteria
Sprinkle 1/2 tsp powdered Citric Acid into 5 tsp Oxine AH liquid. Allow to dissolve 5 minutes to allow chemical activation. Then add in 4 c water.
Activated Oxine has a significant loss of potency after 1 week. Minimize exposure to light.
Fresh ground or stabilized flaxseed
Bulk section of grocery stores - $1/lb
Insulin resistance
3 oz. or 1/8 to 3/4 cup/day.
Gives many significant benefits.
Iodized Salt Lick Block, or loose Iodized Salt
Feed stores - $8
Insulin resistance 1-2 oz (approx 2 TB)
Avoid providing a mineral block that includes a significant amount of iron. Some horses with insulin resistance have excessive iron.
Beet Pulp Pellets, or Beet Pulp Shreds
*Be sure they are unsweetened and don't contain Molasses
Feed stores - $15 for 40 lbs
Insulin resistance: nutrients, low-starch feed and supplement base, fiber
2 cups pellets/day or greater amounts.
To reduce iron and sugars, rinse pellets with water, then soak 1 hour, then rinse thoroughly until water runs clear.
Magnesium Oxide
Feed stores - $25 for 50 lbs
Insulin resistance: blood sugar stabilizer
1.5 g (=1/2 tsp) per 500 lbs bodyweight
Vitamin E
Grocery stores (vitamin capsules), sunflower seeds, etc.
Optimizes effectiveness of magnesium
1,000 IU per 500 lbs bodyweight

Some horses with insulin resistance have excessive iron, so should avoid mineral block licks with high iron as well as hays with high nitrates (such as hay fertilized with manure). However, some IR horses are deficient in iron.